How Heat Stroke Works
According to Pet Wave, “Heat Stroke” is the term used to describe a case of “non-pyrogenic hyperthermia.” It occurs when your pet’s ability to dissipate heat from its body cannot make up for the excessive heat it’s experiencing. Dogs and cats do not sweat like humans to cool their bodies; instead, they pant and lick their fur to cool off. When air temperature is close to their body temperature (Cat World says that for cats that’s around 100-102 degrees F), panting is no longer effective for cooling the body.
Signs of Heat Stroke in Pets
When out in the sun with your pets watch them for the telltale signs of heat stroke. WebMD and Cat World list symptoms such as:
- Heavy panting and difficulty breathing
- Tongue has a bright red appearance
- Saliva thickening or excess saliva production
- Anxiety and Dizziness
- Weakness, Lethargy
- Vomiting, Diarrhea
- Muscle tremors, spasms, and seizures
Avoiding Heat Stroke in your Pet
Heat Stroke is a very real risk for pets that is not too hard to reach in hot summer temperatures. You can help your pets avoid heat stroke by following a few steps:
- Know your pet’s needs. Brachycephalic dogs cannot handle heat nearly as well others, so they will need special care.
- Never leave a pet in the car, even if just for a few minutes. Temperatures inside the car can reach a dangerous level within seconds. Even with the windows down, this is not a safe environment for your pet.
- Don’t exercise your pet strenuously in hot, humid weather. Instead, take their longer walks in early morning and late evening when temperatures are cooler and safer.
- Always make sure that your pets have access to cool, fresh water, and are not confined away from this need.
- Avoid hot asphalt and concrete surfaces that will radiate heat and could burn your pet’s paw pads.
- Avoiding confining your pet in warm areas within the home, such as a sunroom or screened patio. Make sure that they have a cool, shaded place to retreat whether indoors or out.
With these simple steps and a little awareness, your pets can enjoy summer fun with you without the threat of heat stroke. Keep an eye on them throughout the warm months and always be aware of the signs so that you can get your pet medical attention should the need arise.